Copyright Fair Use and How it Works for Online Images

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You’ve heard the adage that a picture is worth a thousand words, but when that picture is protected by copyright, the picture is only worth three words: cease and desist.

OK, that’s kind of a lawyer joke. But it illustrates how protective people are about finding their images used online without permission.

Copyright laws were established not to give the author the right to deny their work to other people, but instead to encourage its creation.

Article I, Section 8, clause 8, of the United States Constitution states the purpose of copyright laws is “to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”

It’s a delicate balance between the rights of the creator and the public’s interest. When in conflict, the balance tips more heavily toward the public’s interest, which is often contrary to what the creator believes to be fair or just.

This article will cover exactly what copyright is and what it covers.

And then we’ll look at the concept of fair use as it pertains to using images online. The goal here is to better understand how to use images others create in a way that is both respectful of the author’s ownership rights and allows others to use it.

What Is Copyright?

copyright symbolCopyright attaches at the time of creation and there is no requirement to use the “circle c”. Image source: renjith krishnan / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Copyright is a federal law of the United States that protects original works of authorship. A work of authorship includes literary, written, dramatic, artistic, musical and certain other types of works.

Copyright attaches as soon as the original work is created, and applies to both published and unpublished works. As soon as you type words, click the shutter on your camera (or, for many of you, hit the home button on your iPhone), apply paint to canvas or paper or lay down tracks for your next hit, you’ve got a copyright (with some exceptions).

Copyright is an automatic right and does not require the author to file special paperwork, as is the case for trademark and patent. Registration is required to enforce the rights, but as a matter of right, an author is not required to register anything to get the right to use the “circle c,” showing the work is copyrighted.

One of the many terrific things about copyright is that it comes with a host of exclusive rights that allow the owner to do or authorize a number of things and exercise substantial control over his or her work. The copyright owner has the right to do four things (called exclusive rights):

  1. Reproduce the copyrighted work;
  2. Display the copyrighted work publicly;
  3.  Prepare derivative works based on the copyrighted work; and
  4. Distribute copies of the copyrighted work to the public by sale, rental or lending, and/or to display the image.

Source: 17 USC Section 106.

Copyright does not apply to works in the public domain; words, names, slogans or short phrases (those may have protection in trademark law); blank forms; works that are not original; and government works. This is important to know because if the work is not protected by copyright, then there is no concern whether the Fair Use Doctrine will apply to allow you to use the work.

As online content creatorscurators and managers, you know the value ofusing images to get the reader’s attention, add a visual component to commentary, illustrate using an infographic or any of a host of benefits. Using the correct image can definitely take a post from drab to fab very quickly. It can also help tell a story that words alone can’t.

But unless you’re a photographer showcasing your own work, chances are you’ll need to use work created and owned by someone else. There are plenty of sources. While the general rule is that you can’t use a copyrighted work without express authorization from the owner, there is one significant legal construct that allows millions of people every day to see and share images online.

Please keep in mind that stock photo services, creative commons licenses and public domain repositories of images are not subject to fair use due to the rights they carry.

Stock photo services require you to pay for a license, creative commons licenses confer the right to use an image under certain circumstances and public domain images are not subject to copyright in the first place.

What About Fair Use?

Fair use is not the same as free use. Fair use is a legal exception to the exclusive rights an owner has for his or her copyrighted work.

It has little to do with what we may think is fair, and everything to do with keeping the balance tipped in favor of the public interest. It’s a delicate balance, mind you, but one that often leaves the copyright owner wanting to scream.

balanceFair Use is a balancing between protecting the creator and promoting the interests of the public. Image: cjansuebsri / FreeDigitalPhotos.net
The purpose of the Fair Use Doctrine is to allow for limited and reasonable uses as long as the use does not interfere with owners’ rights or impede their right to do with the work as they wish.

Since this discussion will only pertain to use of images online, I will useexamples specific to this.

A classic example of fair use of an image to use online is product reviews. If you want to review a book, a new piece of technology, a food product or whatever widget, you’ll likely want to include a photo. But not some washed-out, overexposed, shadowy, laundry in the background kind of photo that you’d take.

So you head to the manufacturer’s website and right-click that image and save it to upload to your site. A photo will not substitute for the actual product, so the owner’s rights should be very minimally affected. Therefore, your right to use the copyrighted image would likely be permitted under fair use.*

Fair use is in place for the greater good, to allow copyrighted works to be used without permission for the benefit of the public. Imagine not being able to use images of a dead dictator to tell the story of how he died. Or not being able to talk about fashion without showing the outfit you’re referring to.

However, there are limits and only a court has the final decision-making ability. Section 107 of the Copyright Act states:

the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include—the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

the nature of the copyrighted work; the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

Source: 17 USC Section 107.

All four factors are used in determining fair use, with the first (the purpose and character of the use) being the most important the court will examine. When it comes to photographs, copyright law has a long-standing deference to permit a photographer control over the first time an image is made public. In this discussion, we’ll assume that you’re not hacking computer systems or digging through rubbish bins looking for non-public images.

One of the issues with photos is that using just part of it is, well, a bit ridiculous. This is the third  factor courts will look at (how much of the work is used); however, it is often a very significant element of whether fair use exists.

Unlike the written or spoken word, where excerpting a portion to illustrate is possible, with images it is usually the whole that is necessary. A partial photo, unless you’re doing some kind of guessing game, does not portray the level of professionalism you’re likely going for.

Same with using a very low-resolution option. Not only does a low-res image look bad on your site, the image creator (whether photographer or designer) probably doesn’t want a bad-quality image circulated, as it could impact his or her reputation.

5 Things to Think About Before Using Copyrighted Images

list of 55 questions to consider when using copyrighted images online. Image source: Rawich / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

So you’re likely thinking this is insane and who has that much time on their hands to figure out all of this just for an image on a blog? In reality, though, answer question 1 of the 4-part fair use test and you’re likely to get a very good sense of whether you’ll have a leg to stand on if challenged.

#1: Do you understand the term fair use? Just because you provide attribution and/or a link back to the original doesn’t mean you’re free and clear. Fair use has nothing to do with attribution. That’s an issue related to plagiarism, which is different from copyright.

Fair use basically means you’re allowed to infringe on someone’s copyright and they can’t do anything about it. If your use is covered by fair use, you don’t have to provide attribution anyway (although it would be nice).

#2: Why are you using the image? If it is “…for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research…” you’re on the right track.

If you’re just using the image to pretty up a post, then think twice; or better yet, get permission or buy a stock image.

#3: Have you transformed the image? If the new work which incorporates the copyrighted image is a “transformative work”—what you created no longer resembles the original—there is a greater likelihood of finding an exception to copyright infringement.

Are you taking an image and incorporating it into an infographic? Is the image now part of a video used for one of the reasons set forth in the Copyright Act?

#4: How much of the image are you using? If you’re using a thumbnail and linking to the original location, there is greater likelihood of finding fair use than if you just post the original image. If you’re doing a post about facial features and are just using a portion of the face from an image, you stand a better chance of arguing fair use than if you used the entire image.

#5: Are you willing to risk your site being taken down, getting a cease and desist/bill/DMCA or being sued? The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) provides very powerful options for a copyright owner to protect his or her works in the digital space. By hitting “publish,” you may be opening a can of worms.

In Summary

When it comes to photos, when in doubt, assume it’s subject to copyright and don’t use it without the appropriate permission. What it comes down to is that if you need to use another person’s image, make sure it fits clearly into one of the protected purposes or seek legal counsel if there is a significant investment of money or time in your project.

Fair use may be an exception allowing you to use copyrighted images, but chances are you’ll be in for a discussion or possibly find your site taken down by your host if the copyright holder disagrees. Unfortunately, there are no significant cases that establish hard-and-fast rules when it comes to fair use and images used on the Internet.

However, photographers and graphic artists often make a living from selling or licensing their work and if we all just poached what we wanted, we’d be circumventing not only the law but also interfering with their right to control how they distribute their images.

Copyright fair use has been fought over when it comes to using words and images in print publications. The Internet, though, is still very much in its infancy when it comes to fair use guidance.

Without bright line rules, we’re each left to interpret laws that were written long before digital communication was ever imagined and did not contemplate the ease of sharing that exists today. While it may be a remote possibility that the average blogger will be sued for copyright infringement relating to an image, bear in mind that you may be the proverbial “straw that broke the camel’s back.”

If you’re considering taking images from large agencies, they have legal teams that do nothing but look for infringing uses. There are inexpensive ways to search for images online, even if you change the file name. And if you’re thinking you’ll just crop the image so you can’t see the copyright notice or other identifying information, think twice about that because the penalty for doing so is very stiff— up to $25,000, plus attorney fees and damages.

There are many resources for free images, whether public domain, licensed creative commons or inexpensive stock images, so you really shouldn’t need to use copyright-protected works for beautifying your sitecreating that cool presentation or making a video. But if you really have to have that image, ask first. You’d be surprised at how many people would gladly grant permissionfor use of their images.

Fair use doesn’t mean fair game, but it’s there to allow for uses that will benefit society and the public good. Don’t be afraid to use images. Use this information to make good decisions and you’re likely to be just fine. Always, though, if in doubt leave it out (or get permission or ask a lawyer).

What do you think? Leave your questions and comments in the box below.

Disclosure: While Sara Hawkins is an attorney, this article is for informational purposes only and is not to be considered legal advice.
*Not intended to be legal advice.

Image source FreeDigitalPhotos.net: renjith krishnancjansuebsri &Rawich

29 ways to stay amazing & creative

 

 

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Creativity, given to us to develop great and wonderful things in life an to accomplish innovative goals we have sprouted from something that once was a tiny little figment of your imagination. Ideas are vital in building Fortune 500 businesses and reaching anything more than satisfactory in most parts of life.

Some of the lucky people out there are oozing of creativity and others may come up with one good idea once a year, whoever you are and whatever you do, creativity is that spring board that can take you to the next level.

 In this video we show you 29 effective ways to stay creative.
 
 http://vimeo.com/moogaloop.swf?clip_id=24302498&server=vimeo.com&show_title=0&show_byline=0&show_portrait=0&color=00adef&fullscreen=1&autoplay=0&loop=0

 
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How the iPad Has Changed One 99-Year-Old Woman’s Life

 

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This is awesome.  Always cool to see tech help change our lives.. specially this 99-Old  Woman’s Life ~ Dean kosage





We’ve seen iPads and cats  go viral. We’ve seen iPads and dogs  go viral. But the latest iPad YouTube sensation is far more special: It depicts how the device has changed one 99-year-old woman’s life.

99-year-old Virgina Cambell of Lake Oswego, Oregon is an avid reader, according to The Oregonian. Unfortunately she has glaucoma, which affects her vision and makes it difficult for her to read books.

Her solution? The iPad, which is her first computer according to the now-viral video depicting her with the device. Its ability to change fonts and increase screen brightness has given her the ability to read again. It has “changed her life,” according to one of her daughters.

She’s even used the device’s virtual keyvboard to write limericks, like this one about her new Apple tablet:

To this technology-ninny it’s clear
In my compromised 100th year,
That to read and to write
Are again within sight
Of this Apple iPad pioneer.

 

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Nicki Minaj Surprises 8-Year-Old YouTube Star on “Ellen”

 

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Another cool video that gets viral on youtube this week.. ~ Dean Kosage

 

 

A homemade video uploaded to YouTube last month recently went viral, attracting almost 11 million views and landing its star — 8-year-old British girl Sophia Grace Brownlee — a segment on The Ellen DeGeneres Show this week.

In the video, Brownlee performs a fierce a cappella version of Nicki Minaj’s “Super Bass” as her younger cousin Rosie Grace McClelland provides cute background vocals and even cuter dance moves.

Ellen Degeneres flew the girls to be on Ellen and surprised them (above) when she brought out the blonde-and-blue haired Minaj, who later performed “Super Bass” with the pint-sized duo.

“I’m the second Nicki Minaj,” yelled Brownlee after Degeneres plopped a wig on her head.

 

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America's Best Downtowns

 

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Ten wonderful cities in America… ~ Dean Kosage




Chicago, Ill.

Downtown: Chicago, Ill.
City’s Total Population: Approx. 2,700,000

Chicago, Ill.

Of the country’s big city downtowns, Chicago’s relatively compact zone in and around what’s known as “The Loop,” wins hands-down for being the most accessible, pedestrian-friendly and varied in its offerings. Within a two-mile radius, visitors and residents alike can visit some of the world’s best restaurants, lounge in a resplendently outfitted urban park, visit world-class art museums, shop their wallets dry on Chicago’s famous store-covered Magnificent Mile, examine some of the finest architecture on the planet, find boats to tour Lake Michigan, or wander around the waterfront tourist-friendly esplanade, Navy Pier.

 

Portland, Ore.

Downtown: Portland, Ore.
City’s Total Population: 583,776

Portland, Ore.

Although Portland is well known as a city that is friendly to bicyclists, it also has a walkable and attractive downtown that offers a wide variety ofcultural options and commercial options. There’s a vibrant and active arts scene, great food on both the high and low ends, the country’s best selection of locally-sourced craft beers, an attractive and popular riverside park, and Powell’s, the largest and one of the best independent bookstores in the country. And while you can, with some effort walk around much of Portland’s relatively small downtowns, its best to mike like a local and rent a bike – you’ll get around more effectively, see more of the area, and get a little exercise – all good things in the greenest of “America’s 50 Greenest Cities.”

Burlington, Vt.

Downtown: Burlington, Vt. City’s Total Population: 42,417

Indianapolis, Ind.

Downtown: Indianapolis, Ind.
City’s Total Population: 839,489

Indianapolis, Ind.

Sure, there are museums, such as the Indianapolis Museum of Art, a large and important cultural locus that maintains a 54,000-piece collection. And yes,the Fountain Square district boasts a growing and productive bohemian vibe that is a big part of the city’s identity – many of the city’s downtown development efforts are focused on it. And of course, there are a number of well-regarded universities within the city and its surrounding areas that help instill downtown with a young and active character. But Indianapolis packs that and more into a six square mile downtown area that “For some, downtown paints a city scene: skyscrapers and taxis, nightlife, and takeout restaurants around every corner. If that’s you, you’re in luck. Indianapolis will give you the big-city experience, minus the actual big city,” says Livability in its listing.

 

San Antonio, Texas

Downtown: San Antonio, Texas City’s Total Population: 1,330,000

San Antonio, Texas

For those who haven’t yet visited San Antonio, the city conjures up images of a tragic and bloody last stand at The Alamo. But for anyone who has visited, the city is more than just home to one of the most famous historical sites in the West. The San Antonio River Walk is perhaps the most beautiful part of the city, creating a verdant pathway lined with colorful café umbrellas that winds its way through downtown, offering up a bevy of shops, restaurants, and bars on the way. Tour downtown, follow the river by foot or tour it by boat, and save your visit to the Alamo for the late afternoon, when the sun is in retreat and you’ll have more to remember from your trip than just an historic and valiant defeat.

Santa Monica, Calif.

With its proximity to Los Angeles, its world-class beaches, and its mix of families, students, surfers and the very rich, Santa Monica earns its place both because of its commercial offerings, but because of its stunningly beautiful natural settings. Clustered around some of the best beachfront acreage in Southern California, with the world-renowned Santa Monica Pier as the anchor, the city fans out into a lively and diverse set of surrounding areas. “You’ve got a great six blocks or so of shopping, with a mix of local stores, boutiques and chains,” says Clampet. “And unlike most of the rest of the region, you can really walk around and get by without a car.” A varied mix of smaller but interesting museums, galleries, and a busy nightlife scene also contribute to the reasons why Santa Monica earns a place on our list.


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My Favorite Quotes from my Favorite Philosophers ~ Dean Kosage

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The following are my favorite Quotes taken from my favorite Philosophers who helped me on my learning and understanding about Planet + People + Profit. ~ Dean Kosage

 

“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.”

~ Abraham Lincoln

It is our American habit if we find the foundations of our educational structure unsatisfactory to add another story or wing.

~ Albert Einstein

It is possible to store the mind with a million facts and still be entirely uneducated.

~ Alec Bourne

I wonder whether if I had an education I should have been more or less a fool that I am.

~ Alice James

The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.

~ Alvin Toffler

Education is that which discloses to the wise and disguises from the foolish their lack of understanding.

~ Ambrose Bierce


I am beginning to suspect all elaborate and special systems of education.

They seem to me to be built up on the supposition that every child is a kind of idiot who must be taught to think.

~ Anne Sullivan

Thank goodness I was never sent to school; it would have rubbed off some of the originality.

~ Beatrix Potter

If a man empties his purse into his head, no man can take it away from him.

An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

~ Benjamin Franklin

A gentleman need not know Latin, but he should at least have forgotten it.

~ Brander Matthew

If you think education is expensive, try ignorance.

~ Derek Bok

Human beings, who are almost unique in having the ability to learn from the experience of others,

are also remarkable for their apparent disinclination to do so.

~ Douglas Adams

It don’t make much difference what you study, so long as you don’t like it.

~ Finley Peter Dunne

Ye can lead a man up to the university, but you can’t make him think.

~ Finley Peter Dunne

Everywhere I go I’m asked if I think the university stifles writers.

My opinion is that they don’t stifle enough of them.

There’s many a best-seller that could have been prevented by a good teacher.

~ Flannery O’Conner

Education is too important to be left solely to the educators.

~ Francis Keppel

Education is the period during which you are being instructed by somebody you do not know,

about something you do not want to know.

~ G. K. Chesterton

No man who worships education has got the best out of education…

Without a gentle contempt for education no man’s education is complete.

~ G K Chesterton

A college education shows a man how little other people know.

~ Haliburton

A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.

~ Henry B. Adams

What does education often do? It makes a straight-cut ditch of a free, meandering brook.

~ Henry David Thoreau

Formal education will make you a living; self-education will make you a fortune.

~ Jim Rohn

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

~ John Dryden

I am entirely certain that twenty years from now we will look back at education

as it is practiced in most schools today

and wonder that we could have tolerated anything so primitive.

~ John W. Gardner

Education is a weapon, whose effect depends on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed.

~ Joseph Stalin

I have learned silence from the talkative, toleration from the intolerant, and kindness from the unkind;

yet, strange, I am ungrateful to these teachers.

~ Kahlil Gibran

Education is a method whereby one acquires a higher grade of prejudices.

~ Laurence J. Peter

No one wants a good education. Everyone wants a good degree.

~ Lee Rudolph

The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one.

~ Malcolm S. Forbes

I have never let my schooling interfere with my education.

~ Mark Twain

Many public-school children seem to know only two dates–1492 and 4th of July;

and as a rule they don’t know what happened on either occasion.

~ Mark Twain

A mind once stretched by a new idea never regains its original dimension.

~ Oliver Wendell Holmes

The whole theory of modern education is radically unsound.

Fortunately in England, at any rate, education produces no effect whatsoever.

If it did, it would prove a serious danger to the upper classes, and probably lead to acts of violence.

~ Oscar Wilde

Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing that is worth knowing can be taught.

~ Oscar Wilde

When a subject becomes totally obsolete we make it a required course.

~ Peter F. Drucker

he trouble with being educated is that it takes a long time;

it uses up the better part of your life and when you are finished what you know is that you would have benefited more by going into banking.

~ Philip K. Dick

Colleges are places where pebbles are polished and diamonds are dimmed.

~ R.S. Ingersoll

I pay the schoolmaster, but it is the school boys who educate my son.

~ Ralph Waldo Emerson

There’s a new tribunal now higher than God’s –The educated man’s!

~ Robert Browning

The mark of a true MBA is that he is often wrong but seldom in doubt.

~ Robert Buzzell

Most people are willing to pay more to be amused than to be educated.

~ Robert C. Savage

If you have both feet planted on level ground, then the university has failed you.

~ Robert F. Goheen

The three major administrative problems on a campus are sex for the students,

athletics for the alumni, and parking for the faculty.

~ Robert M. Hutchins

A man who has never gone to school may steal from a freight car;

but if he has a university education, he may steal the whole railroad.

~ Theodore Roosevelt

We are dealing with the best-educated generation in history.

But they’ve got a brain dressed up with nowhere to go.

~ Timothy Leary

Anyone who has passed through the regular gradations of a classical education,

and is not made a fool by it, may consider himself as having had a very narrow escape.

~ William Hazlitt


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Real Life Millionaires

 

 

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Another great stories from successful people.. ~ Dean Kosage

 

Most entrepreneurs, active or potential, love to read about real life success stories of people who turned an idea into a business and grew it into a million-dollar enterprise.  The stories that are the most fun to read are the ones that are least likely to happen.  Like the ones where someone just stumbles upon a great idea.  Or great turn-around stories where someone goes from rags to riches.  We have discussed a few of these stories on this site in our I Love a Success Story series.

If you like these types of stories you are in for a treat.  This week Yahoo Finance published a great article called Unlikely Millionaires which is a collection of real life millionaire stories from several publications including Business Week, Fortune and Inc.  Let’s take a closer look:

From Homeless to Software Success – This great article from Business Week tells the story of Bob Williamson who went from being a homeless drug addict to becoming the CEO of a $26 million software company.  This is proof that no matter where you are today, you can always turn your life around.  There are many people out there going through hard times, but it is hard to imagine a more difficult situation than what Bob had to deal with.

Bear-Naked Ambition: The Inside Start-up Story – This is an inspirational story that combines hard work, persistence, a good product, and a little bit of luck to create a $65 million business.  Simply amazing.

Mena_Ben.jpg

Mena and Ben Trott – This article provides a quick snapshot of the entrepreneurial couple that founded Movable Type, a very successful blogging platform and multi-million dollar business.  The Trotts started their business working out of their apartment like so many other interesting high-tech stories.  To learn more about their successful entrepreneurial journey and so many others like it, I highly recommend the book Founders at Work.

 

 

Photo: Zach KleinJosh Abramson and Ricky Van Veen – Is it really possible for a couple of high-school students to create a million-dollar business out of a goofy website about “stupid college stuff”?  You better believe it!

 

 

 

 

Courtesy: MyYearbook.com

 

 

Catherine, Dave and Geoff Cook – Talking about kids creating multi-million-dollar businesses, the story of the siblings that started myyearbook.com is another inspirational story for any high-tech entrepreneur.

 

 

 

Courtesy: Poof-Slinky

Richard and Betty James – This is a hard to believe, one-of-a-kind story of how Richard James became inspired when he saw a torsion spring coil fall off a table.  He made it into a toy and turned it into the legendary Slinky, which has sold more than 250 million units worldwide.

 

 

 

Courtesy: Thales Panagides

Thales Panagides – This one is surreal.  The guy goes to Brazil to launch an internet search provider, loves the beach, and finds a compatriot Greek who sells Brazilian bikinis.  Next thing you know he tries selling the bikinis on eBay, and finds out he had just hit on a goldmine.  Now he is the largest Brazilian Bikini distributor in the world.  Mind boggling.

 

Carole-Nash.jpgCarol Nash – At 42 she gets laid off from her receptionist job at an insurance company.  As severance she gets a small portfolio of motorcycle insurance policies and starts her own insurance consulting business.  The business grows like crazy and she eventually sells it for more than $100 million.  Truly amazing.

I hope these stories have inspired you to pursue your own million-dollar dreams.  If these people could do it, so can you.

 

 

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Top 3 Wonderful Man Made Creations

 

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I have collected the Top 3 Wonderful Man Made Creations by different artists from around the world. Enjoy and free your mind to appreciate the beauty of wonders! ~ Dean Kosage




#1 Lilypad: Floating City For climate Change Refugees



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There are very few urban design solutions that address housing the inevitable tide of displaced people that could arise as oceans swell under global warming. Certainly none are as spectacular as this one. The Lilypad, by Vincent Callebaut, is a concept for a completely self-sufficient floating city intended to provide shelter for future climate change refugees. The intent of the concept itself is laudable, but it is Callebaut’s phenomenal design that has captured our imagination.

'lilypad, green floating city, floating eco utopia, lilypage city, floating cities, biomimicry inspired city, Vincent Callebaut, lilypad floating city, global warming solution, rising seas concept, refugee city, climate refugee

Biomimicry was clearly the inspiration behind the design. The Lilypad, which was designed to look like a waterlily, is intended to be a zero emission city afloat in the ocean. Through a number of technologies (solar, wind, tidal, biomass), it is envisioned that the project would be able to not only produce it’s own energy, but be able to process CO2 in the atmosphere and absorb it into its titanium dioxide skin.

lilypad, floating cities, biomimicry inspired city, lilypad floating city, global warming solution, rising seas concept, refugee city, climate refugee

Each of these floating cities are designed to hold approximately around 50,000 people. A mixed terrain man-made landscape, provided by an artificial lagoon and three ridges, create a diverse environment for the inhabitants. Each Lilypad is intended to be either near a coast, or floating around in the ocean, traveling from the equator to the northern seas, according to where the gulf stream takes it.

The project isn’t even close to happening anytime soon, but there is value in future forward designs like the Lilypad. They inspire creative solutions, which at some point, may actually provide a real solution to the climate change problem.



#2 Buble Tree Hotel in france


British tourists are apparently been flocking to France to try out this whole new camping experience.
Created by French designer Pierre Stephane Dumas, this luxurious 189-euro-a-night ‘Bubble Tree’ room offers visitors a chance to gaze at the stars while being protected from the elements. Here’s a closer look at the unique abode:

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#3 Russia’s ‘Space Hotel’





Imagine sending a postcard from this vacation spot? Russian firm Orbital Technologies has unveiled this plans for their space hotel project, which could be open to greet intergalactic tourists by 2016.

The orbital outpost will have enough room to house seven guests in four cabins, and will also serve as a hub for scientific research. Tourists can enjoy commercial activities like viewing the solar system with binoculars and cameras from little hotel room pods.

As expected, experiencing the final frontier from your bedroom window will cost more than a few rubles. The price just to travel to the commercial space station is expected to cost $410,000, while five-day stay could be around $165,000. So only the privileged will be able to enjoy this kind of luxury.




By deankosagelifestream Posted in Profit

"Majestic Time-lapse Landscapes"

 

 

Keep Up With Dean Kosage…

 

 

 

This spellbinding video is by master photographer and time-lapse creator Dustin Farrell, who took a Canon 5D Mark II digital SLR and created an awe-inspiring work of art.

In his latest work, “Landscapes Volume Two,” the Arizona photographer has elevated the artform to the highest level, using motion control and HDR (High Dynamic Range) techniques to reveal an unseen world of landscapes in Arizona and Utah, where space takes on a different meaning when he’s altered time. It’s set to the music of John Murphy’s “Sunshine (Adagio In D Minor).”

Specifically, how does Farrell create this magic? He says on his Vimeo site, “Every clip is a RAW image sequence (5616 x 3744) that I rendered out as a 1080p 23.976fps QuickTime movie. The motion control is achieved using servo motors.”

Sounds complicated, but that’s only half the work. After he shoots the images, he places them in Adobe After Effects, a professional video compositing program, where he says he “stacks” the clips, allowing the thousands of images to play back, drastically sped up for our viewing pleasure.

This guy is one of the foremost time-lapse experts in the world. Take a look at how he accomplishes these feats in greater detail here. By the way, Dustin urges you to watch these sequences in HD, full screen with sound.

Want to see more? Here’s Dustin’s “Landscapes Volume One,” representing a year of his time-lapse work:

 

 

By deankosagelifestream Posted in Profit

Simon Dale constructed this hobbit hole house for less than $5000 ~ Dean Kosage








Self-taught builder Simon Dale constructed this hobbit hole house for less than $5000.  It’s completely ‘off grid’ and only took four months.If you’re interested in a similar project, Dale has posted plans, process photos, and thoughts about the how and why on his website.




By deankosagelifestream Posted in Profit